Sunday, February 26, 2012

Achim Weiss - Creation of the light elements

In the Beginning...

Unfortunately, in the business of creation it is not easy to find simple answers to simple questions.

For example, how did silicon come into being?

Silicon is not so simple.

So let us ask about the light elements like hydrogen, helium, lithium. Surely the scientific answer is easier for us non-professionals to understand when we can even count the protons using the fingers of one hand only?

Well, it depends who you ask.

For we are entering the field of Nuclear Astrophysics.

So let us ask the people who surely know, the ones who wrote the spectacular Cosmology - Einstein Online pages.

They have done quite a job there in the Max Plank Institute to help people using the Web to learn more about Cosmology.

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: Cooking up the first light elements

Doctor Achim Weiss

The writer of the article, Achim Weiss, is a scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Garching near Munich, in Germany. His main area of research is stellar physics. One part of his work concerns the evolution of Lithium-plateau stars, which is important for observational tests of the predictions of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis.

Here is how this article starts - and it is as good guide an intro to the subject as any:

The big bang models - the cosmological models based on general relativity - tell us that the early universe was extremely hot and dense. At the earliest stages that can be modelled using current physical theories, the universe was filled with radiation and elementary particles - a hot plasma in which energy was distributed evenly. During the subsequent expansion, this plasma has progressively cooled down. By examining how the cooling affects the matter content of the universe, one can derive one of the most impressive testable predictions of the big bang models.

And here is how it ends

All in all, this match between theory and observation constitutes one of the big successes of the standard models of cosmology.

Earlier yet

So we learn that the good old standard models about Cosmos are still doing well.

and that there is even an earlier stage of the Universe that cannot be modelled using current physical theories.

As the Beatles were singing in Eleanor Rigby (almost...)

"All those tiny particles
 where do they all come from?"


  1. The elementary particles was generated by a structure of all the laws of nature which are a part of God. This structure (unlike the big bang theory) was spread out throughout the universe. The structure produced elementary particles all at the same time. Once the universe was filled, quasars formed hydrogen from their jets, then the second generation quasars formed neutrons and all the elements that contain neutrons.

    1. Thank you Herman for your comment and link to the Facebook presentation on the first chapter of Genesis!

      Since you are reading the Bible and the Book of Nature, have you submitted your ideas about truth to the scientific community? Have you published articles in journals or asked for expert opinions from cosmologists, astrophysicists or other experts on particle physics?

      In these pages I am humbly trying to learn what scientists have discovered about God's wonderful works of creation! I do not have the competence or training to put forward new theories and if I had such a theory I would try to publish it in Scientific America or something like that.

      In Astrotheology my question is different: what has humanity learned about the Universe and what is the impact of modern scientific knowledge on us as human beings and as believers in God of Israel.

  2. Science has already did the hard work that was recorded in the ancient Hebrews and Greek text 3500-2000 years ago. Ask yourself, how would anyone from that long ago write about the creation and get it right? The only answer that I can think of is, they were inspired by God the creator. He was the only one that knew how the universe formed that long ago.